Types Of Poverty


There are different types of poverty that exist in Europe. Absolute poverty is a type of poverty where people do not have enough money to afford the basic necessities of life, such as food, water, and shelter. Relative poverty is a type of poverty that is relative to the society in which it exists. It is defined as the percentage of the population who live on an income that is below a certain percentage of the median income. The EU definition of relative poverty is 60% of the median income. There are also situational poverty and chronic poverty. Situational poverty is a type of poverty that occurs when an unexpected event, such as illness or job loss, results in a family not having enough money to meet their basic needs. Chronic poverty is a type of poverty where those who are poor remain in a state of perpetual poverty. This is usually due to either low levels of education or having no vocational skills, making it difficult for them to find employment.

Absolute poverty (or extreme poverty) is the condition in which people do not secure their basic needs such as food, water, and shelter due to lack of money or other resources. It is defined by the United Nations as “a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. It depends not only on income but also on access to services.” According to the UN World Food Programme report from 2005 there were over 800 million people throughout the world who lived in absolute poverty. In 2013, the World Bank updated these numbers and reported that there were still over 783 million people living in absolute poverty.

Relative poverty is a type of poverty that is relative to the society in which it exists. It is defined as the percentage of the population who live on an income that is below a certain percentage of the median income. The EU definition of relative poverty is 60% of the median income. Absolute poverty can be seen as a form of relative poverty when measuring it against other countries’ median incomes, but it can also be looked at within one country’s population as well. For example, if half of all people in a country are considered to be living in relative poverty then it would be a form of absolute poverty. However, if the median income in a country is $10,000 and someone earns $4,000 than they would be living in relative poverty because their income falls below the set percentage (40%) of the median income. Relative poverty can also exist within groups of people who are defined by any other factor besides money. For example, if women within a society are earning less than men it would mean that there is gender-based relative poverty.

Relative poverty can either be cyclical or stable depending on how long an individual stays at that level of income. Sometimes people move in and out of that tier causing it to be cyclical while others stay within that tier causing it to be stable . It depends on a number of factors such as job security, wages, and the cost of living.

Situational poverty is a type of poverty that occurs when an unexpected event, such as illness or job loss, results in a family not having enough money to meet their basic needs. This type of poverty can be temporary or permanent, depending on the situation. For example, if someone becomes ill and is unable to work for an extended period of time they may find themselves in a state of situational poverty. However, if they are able to find employment after a short period of unemployment they will no longer be in poverty. Situational poverty can also be permanent when it is caused by factors such as low levels of education or having no vocational skills, making it difficult for those individuals to find employment.

Chronic poverty is a type of poverty where those who are poor remain in a state of perpetual poverty. This is usually due to either low levels of education or having no vocational skills, making it difficult for them to find employment . It can also occur as a result of high unemployment rates, which drives down the overall median income of an area and makes it difficult for anyone without a job or any valuable skillsets to break out of the cycle. Young people who grow up in these environments learn from their surroundings and often end up repeating history, which perpetuates this type of poverty even further., In order to be considered chronic , the condition must continue over two years or more.

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